Egg Incubator Information
STORY OF THE EGG
have fathers and mothers just as people do. The father
chickens are called roosters. Mother chickens are called hens.
starts with a germ spot. This is the small, rather tough white
spot you find in our breakfast egg. Next comes the yolk, then four
separate layers of white. All of these parts are kept in shape
by membranes—very thin layers of transparent “skin.”
large end of the egg is an air pocket, filled with oxygen. The
shell, that looks as though it were solid, is actually porous.
That is, there
are thousands of tiny holes in it, so small that it is
impossible to see them. The egg breathes through these holes.
WHAT IS A FERTILE EGG?
can produce a baby chick, an egg must be fertile. A hen can
lay eggs all her life without laying a fertile one, for in
order to produce
a fertile egg, a hen must have a husband. The germ
spot in the fertile egg is the part that becomes the baby.
Before the egg is hatched, the baby is called an “embryo.” The embryo
must have food while it is growing. It gets its nourishment
from the yolk of the egg. That is why the germ spot is
attached to the side of the yolk. The egg
white is a cradle for the growing embryo. If the egg gets
bumped accidentally, or if it is moved too suddenly, the soft
white around the
embryo comes between it and the shell and cushions the shock.
DON’T SCRAMBLE YOUR EGG!
egg is so delicate that it can be ruined by small mistakes.
Sometimes a perfectly good egg won’t hatch because it has been turned
wrong end up, or shaken. If an egg
gets cold or too warm, the embryo won’t develop correctly.
Experienced poultry men never expect to have every egg in the
KEEP YOUR YOLK IN PLACE!
hen reaches underneath her body and turns her eggs frequently
with her beak. This is because the egg yolk tends to float
toward the shell. When the egg lies too long in one position,
the white separates and allows the yolk to float through,
forcing the germ
against the shell and killing it. The mother hen avoids this
by changing the position of her eggs Remember,
the Chick Hatcher takes the place of a mother hen. When a hen
has babies, she sits on the eggs until they hatch. She keeps them
warm by spreading her soft feathers over them. She is very
careful with them and won’t let anyone else touch her eggs.
PREPARING YOUR CHICK HATCHER
IT’S UP TO YOU
creation of life is a complex and mysterious process. From the
moment you place an egg in your Egg Incubator you will
be partly responsible for the creation of a life. If you make
mistakes, your chick will die inside the egg. Statistics show
that under ideal conditions, about 75% of fertile eggs hatch
successfully. On some farms, only about 49% hatch.
The Egg Incubator is scientifically designed to give as
near ideal conditions as possible. Now it is up to you to
follow instructions very carefully, so that the egg you put in
Egg Incubator will
develop into a healthy, happy little chick.
STEP I: LOCATION OF
have put an egg into the incubator it should not be moved; so
it is wise to select a location before using it. It is best to
Egg Incubator at about eye level.
Egg Incubator NEAR A GAS
dioxide from gas will kill an embryo.
IN A DRAFT:
An embryo develops pneumonia easily. Avoid a spot where wind
will blow directly on the Chick Hatcher.
heat can kill an embryo.
IN A COLD
Egg Incubator is built to maintain proper incubation temperature in
a moderately heated room (72° is deal). The
heating unit cannot provide sufficient warmth in a freezing
WIRE RACK AND SHIELD FOR EGGS
Egg Incubator is equipped with the a UNIVERSAL WIRE RACK to hatch
all kinds of eggs. Follow the same instructions for
given number of days approaches the chick is almost fully
developed. He turns slowly inside the egg shell, and begins to peck it
with his beak. It can take him up to as long as 20 hours after
the first peep to break out of the shell. All this time he
keeps turning and
pecking, until he has pecked a circle clear around the large
end of the egg.
Egg Incubator. Just watch through the dome if you want to
see your chick. He’s very weak after the effort of being born. He’ll
probably lie close to the egg for about eight hours before he
starts moving around. He’s an ugly little thing, with his
feathers all stuck
down. He looks like nothing but great claws and beak.
to feed him until he is completely dry and moved from
HOME FOR YOUR CHICK
chick is resting and gaining strength, you should prepare his
future home. Secure a cardboard box approximately 2 feet
square. Sprinkle straw in the bottom about an inch deep. When
the chick starts acting as though he wants to walk, it’s time
to put him in his box. Make a slit in the corner of the box,
about 4 inches from the bottom and extending about 8 inches
along each side. Lift the chick very gently from his
Egg Incubator—DON’T SQUEEZE—and put
him into the box. Now work quickly so he won’t get chilled.
Chick Hatcher bowl and turn upside down. Keep the light turned
toward the center of the box. Push the rim of the bowl into the
slit in the box corner until it is steady and secure. Now PLUG
IN THE LIGHT. Ideal temperature in area of light is 100° F.
but other areas
of box should be cooler.
hatching several eggs, often there will be a difference in the
time the chicks will hatch. In this case, you may hang a 25 or
40 watt bulb over your brooder box while the Chick Hatcher bowl is
still being used for incubation. The bulb should be hung over
about 6 inches above the brooder bottom. After all chicks
hatch the Chick Hatcher bowl can then be set as directed.
small jar lid with fresh water. Add gravel or marbles to the
water to keep the chick from drowning. Lay the water lid in a
corner of the box
and put a dish of food beside it. Use a starting mash from the
feed store. Do not feed the chicks seeds or hard course feed.
into receptacle to turn light on. Place thermometer on wire
rack about one inch from and parallel to the heat shield. Put dome on the
base with notch in top aligned with notch on base. When
thermometer stops and levels off, this will be the temperature in
The desired temperature is 100 degrees, but a range between 98
and 102 degrees is acceptable. If temperature is slightly
high, it may be lowered by tilting the bulb up towards the top
of dome and also by sliding the foil down towards the bottom
of the base,
or removing the foil. If temperature is slightly low, it may
be increased by tilting the bulb down towards the bottom,
sliding the foil up
higher behind the bulb or putting extra foil strip in bottom
(running across the one that goes behind the bulb) to come up
on sides of
bottom and laying strips of foil over the dome.
temperature is between 70 and 74 degrees F. you will be able
to adjust temperature to stay just about the 100 degrees desired.
MOISTURE! Heat from the bulb tends to dry the air which in
turn drys the egg. Put water during the incubation in he gets out
of the shell and his feathers will stick to the shell.
TO BREATH! Even while inside the egg the little chick must
have plenty of air to breath. In order for the egg to absorb
oxygen, the incubator must have proper circulation of air. The
dome has a hole in the top to provide this ventilation, so be
sure that it is
not obstructed or closed up.
PLACING EGG IN INCUBATOR
have located, prepared and tested your
Egg Incubator you are
ready to put in the eggs.
eggs on the wire rack, in the center and close to the heat
shield, with the large end tilted slightly up. Inside the
shell the chick grows
with its head at the large end of the egg where the air pocket
is located. If you stand the delicate little chick on its head
it will not
live. So keep this in mind: always lay egg on side with the
LARGE END SLIGHTLY UP. Place thermometer on top of eggs about one
inch from and parallel to the heat shield.
YOUR YOLK IN PLACE
be turned regularly to prevent the yolk from settling to one
side and to exercise the egg embryo. When you turn the egg, the
embryo gets its exercise by turning in the shell until its
head is upright.
Egg Incubator the eggs should be turned at least twice a day. To turn the
egg, pick it up very gently, turn it end over end so that
small end is pointing in the opposite direction. A small “X”
and “0” on
opposite sides is an aid in keeping up with the turning.
before eggs are due to hatch, stop turning the eggs. They
should not be disturbed during hatching time.
types of eggs take different lengths of time to hatch, as
21 to 23 days
Cortunix - 17 to 18 days (speckled eggs)
Chukar - 23 days
Bobwhite - 23 days (white eggs) Turkey - 28 days
Pheasant -23 days
Duck -28 to 33 days
Chickens - 21 days
Goose -28 to 30 days
at all times. NEVER touch your egg except to turn it. When you
turn it, be careful not to jerk or jar it. Replace dome
NOW IF ALL
GOES WELL, YOU WILL SOON HAVE YOUR OWN DOWNY LITTLE BABY
KEEP IT HOT
will need plenty of heat for the first few days. Keep the
brooder over him with the light on. If he gets too warm he’ll move. When you
get acquainted with him you can tell whether he’s happy or
sleepy or angry by the tone of his plaintive little “CHEEP! CHEEP!”
handle him for a few days and when you do finally pick him up,
be very careful NOT TO SQUEEZE or FRIGHTEN HIM. See that he
always has clean food and water and he’ll be a wonderful
BE KIND TO YOUR PET
NEGLECT YOUR CHICK: Be
your Chick always has
WATER, FOOD and a clean home. When he gets too big for the
house DON’T TURN HIM LOOSE. If you don’t have the
facilities for caring for him properly it is suggested that
you give him to a local hatchery, farm, Humane Society, Feed
In room temperatures of 64 °to 69 ° may compensate for
these lower temperatures by placing a piece of kitchen aluminum
foil (6¾” x 6¾”) over dome of Chick Hatcher. Shape and trim so
that window is clear.
discard the egg if your temperature drops for a short period
of time. The embryo may survive if returned to incubating temperature.
temperatures of 75° to 790 Remove aluminum foil from
bottom of bowl. Do not remove shield.
temperatures exceed 80°, pull plug from socket to turn off
bulb periodically. Under high temperature conditions the temperature
inside Chick Hatcher should be checked by hanging thermometer
with scotch tape to inside of dome so that bulb of thermometer
is at same height as top of eggs. Ideal incubating
temperatures are from 97 to 101 . Temperatures of 103
°or more will kill
HOW TO GET YOUR FERTILE EGG
DUCKS, TURKEY AND OTHER FARM YARD FOWL—Write to your State
Agriculture Department, capitol of your state and
neighboring states and request names of producers of eggs you
EGGS—Write to State Game and Fish Commission, capitol of your
state and neighboring states and request names of
producers of eggs you desire.
AND CORTUNIX QUAIL EGGS may be obtained from G.Q.F.